Published by The Scottish Parliamentary Corporate Body
Frequently Asked Questions on the UK's exit from the European Union
Author: Sarah Atherton, Rebecca Bartlett, Anna Brand, Damon Davies and Iain McIver
Published: Wednesday 29 Jan 2020 (SB20-11)
What is Brexit?
Why is the UK leaving the EU?
Why are we leaving when Scotland voted remain?
When will Brexit be done?
What and when is exit day?
What changes after 31 January 2020?
Will the UK still be a member of the EU after 31 January 2020?
What is the transition period?
What is the implementation period?
What does ‘no deal’ mean?
Is there still the possibility of a no deal?
What is the Withdrawal Agreement?
What is the political declaration?
What is the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018?
What is the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020?
What is the future relationship?
What is the backstop? Does is still exist?
What is the EEA?
What is the Single Market?
What is the EU Customs Union?
Are we still a European country?
What does the transition period mean for UK citizens living in the EU?
What does the transition period mean for EU and EEA citizens living in the UK?
What is happening to voting rights?
What happens to social security benefits for EU citizens living in the UK, and for UK citizens living in the EU after Brexit?
Is the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) still valid?
Do I need to change my passport because the UK is leaving the EU?
Will transport be affected by the UK leaving the EU?
Will arrangements for travelling with a pet change?
Will there be changes to using a mobile phone abroad?
Is travel insurance needed?
Will I need a visa to travel to the EU after Brexit?
Will UK students continue to be able to study in the EU and will EU students be able to continue to study in the UK?
Will UK pensioners living abroad still receive their UK pension?
Will UK citizens living in EEA countries be able to access health care?
Will UK citizens visiting an EEA country be able to access health care?
Will EAA citizens living in the UK be able to use the NHS?
Will EEA citizens visiting the UK be able to use the NHS?
Can UK citizens living in another EEA country use the NHS for free?
Are there concerns about the supplies of medicines after the UK leaves the EU?
Law and Institutions
What is EU law?
How has EU law been brought into effect in Scotland to date?
Will EU laws still apply to the UK after 31 January 2020?
When can the UK start changing its laws?
Who can make new laws in Scotland after the UK leaves the EU?
Does the UK leaving the EU affect the powers that Scottish and UK Ministers have?
How is legal continuity being achieved?
How has EU law been ‘adopted’?
How are ‘deficiencies’ being fixed?
How many deficiencies have had to be fixed?
Do parliaments have a role in secondary legislation?
Does the Scottish Parliament have a role in scrutinising Statutory Instruments which make law in devolved areas?
Will the UK still need to comply with the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)?
Will the UK be bound by the Charter of Fundamental Rights?
What is the Court of Justice of the European Union?
What is the Council of Europe and will the UK still be a member after it leaves the EU?
Will the UK still elect Members of the European Parliament?
What is a differentiated relationship?
Why is Northern Ireland getting a ‘differentiated relationship’?
Could Scotland have a differentiated relationship?
Why is there a transition period?
When will the transition period end?
Can the transition period be extended?
Will the UK have an influence in EU decision-making during the transition?
Could the UK still leave the EU in a no-deal scenario?
What happens at the end of the transition period?
When will the negotiations on the future UK and EU relationship begin?
What will be discussed during the negotiations on the future relationship?
What are trade deals?
Will the United Kingdom be able to continue to participate in the Eurovision song contest?
Could the UK rejoin the EU?
Could Scotland join the EU as an independent country?
Will the UK continue to participate in EU funding programmes?
Fisheries and Agriculture
Will the UK continue to participate in the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy after the UK leaves the EU?
Will foreign vessels still be able to fish in UK waters?
What is the Common Agricultural Policy?
What are direct payment schemes/Pillar 1?
What is rural development policy/Pillar 2?
What does ‘level playing field’ mean?
Will Direct Payments to farmers in Scotland continue after the UK leaves the EU?
Will rural development schemes continue after the UK leaves the EU?
Will the UK continue to participate in the Common Agricultural Policy after the UK leaves the EU?
Last Updated: 18/1 4:39pm
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